Biomaterials & its Applications:
Biomaterials is the discipline dealing with natural and synthetic materials as well as the interactions between materials and biological tissues. It covers a wide range of research areas including basic materials science, biocompatibility, implant device development, surgical applications, and failure analysis and has application throughout most physiologic systems (hip and knee implants, contact lenses, coronary artery stents, catheters, etc.)
But the characteristics of biomaterials have evolved over the field’s 50-plus years of existence. In the early days, biomaterials were expected to be inert, or at least biocompatible, to disturb the body as little as possible. The field has since shifted toward developing materials that interact with biological systems in a purposeful way.